Philippines has rich natural resources which has always been the main reason why it is always part of the list of preferred travel destinations. From earth land forms to bodies of water, the country’s extensive resources formed a lot of panoramic scenic spots. Caves, Mountains, volcanoes, marine parks, rivers, lakes, natural parks, beaches, underground systems, waterfalls and many more are some of the Philippine wonders of nature.
Filipinos have much to be proud of because of these blessings. In this collection, you will find some of the must-share facts about Philippine wonders of nature from bodies of water to earth land forms.
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Grandfather of all Philippine Mountains
Mt. Apo, a dormant volcano found in Mindanao, is considered as the 'Grandfather of all Philippine Mountains'. It is currently the highest mountain in the Philippines at 2,954 meters (9,692 feet). Mt. Pulog in Luzon is the second highest at 2,928 meters (9604 feet).
Biggest Karst Formations
Calbiga Cave, located at Southern Samar, is the Philippines' biggest karst formations and one of the largest in Asia. The 2,968-hectare cave system is composed of 12 caves with wide underground spaces, unique rock formations and subterranean watercourse.
Longest Underground River System
The world's longest underground river system accessible to man can be found at the St. Paul National Park in the province of Palawan.
Deepest Lake in the Philippines
Lake Lanao is the second largest lake in the Philippines, probably the deepest in the country and is considered one of the major tropical lakes in Southeastern Asia. The lake is home of endemic cryprinids, the species found only in the lake and nowhere else in the world.
World's Smallest Volcano
Taal Volcano, a 406-meter-high crater, is said to be the world's smallest volcano. It is described as 'a crater within an island within a lake' because it stands as an island at Taal Lake. The lake was formed after the volcano, which used to be much larger, collapsed. The ridges around Tagaytay City, which overlooks the lake, are believed to be part of the crater of the old volcano. Also considered as one of the world's most active volcanoes; it has erupted over 20 times since 1572.
Eighth Wonder of the World
The Banaue Rice Terraces in Ifugao province has been dubbed as the 'Eighth Wonder of the World'. The Ifugaos carved the terraces from the rocky mountain of Banaue, about 4,000 feet above the sea level, hundreds of years ago. The total outline of this architectural wonder, otherwise known as the 'stairways to the sky' is about 13,500 miles long, or about half the globe's circumference and ten times the length of the Great Wall of China.
Nearly Perfect Cone
Mayon Volcano in Albay province has the distinction of having a nearly perfect cone. Towering at a height of 2,462 meters above the sea level, Mount Mayon overlooks Legaspi City. Its name, derived from the Bicolano term Magayon, means beautiful and is associated with a folk legend. Its first eruption was recorded in 1616, and there were at least 47 more eruptions since then, the last one in February, 2000. In 1911, its eruption killed 1,300 people and buried the town of Cagsawa.
Largest Natural Park
The Sierra Madre national park in northern Luzon is the country's largest natural park. The 359,000-hectare park is the home of endangered species such as pawikan, bayakan or giant bat, Philippine eagle, wild boar, Philippine brown dear, cloud rat, flame-breasted fruit dove, kalaw, bukarot, and native owl.
Richest Marine Park
The Tubbataha Reefs in Sulu Sea is considered as the world's richest bio-geographic area. Tubbataha was declared as the country's first national marine park in 1988 covering 33,200 hectares and contains what is believed to be the world's largest grouping of marine life, per unit area. Scientists claimed that more than 300 coral species, and at least 40 families and 379 species of fish were recorded in the area.
Finest Beach Resort
Widely known as one of the world's finest beach resorts, Boracay Island has unsullied fine talcum powder-sand beaches. Its tranquil crystal clear waters are perfect for swimming, sailing, fishing and sunbathing.
Siargao Island with its Surfing Waves
Siargao Island, lying east of Surigao del Norte province, boasts of white-sand beaches and surfing waves comparable to that of Hawaii. The island is a mass of tropical land with scores of reefs, points and white beaches. American surf photographer John Callahan discovered the remarkable waves of the island in 1993.
Longest River in the Philippines
Cagayan River or Rio Grande de Cagayan, with a total length of 353 kilometers, is the longest and widest river in the Philippines. It bisects the Cagayan Valley from north to south.
Longest Mountain Range
The longest mountain range in the country is Sierra Madre, which stretches from Cagayan province in northeastern Luzon to Aurora province in southern Tagalog.
The highest waterfall in the country is the 388-meter-high Aliwagwag Falls, in Cateel town, Davao Oriental province. The cascade has 13 rapids and looks like a stairway with 84 steps of varying heights.
Laguna de Bay, an inland body of water covering 900 square kilometers, is the country's largest lake. Located between the provinces of Rizal and Laguna, the lake receives its water from 21 river systems.
Towering Limestone Cliffs of El Nido
The towering limestone cliffs of El Nido that rise magnificently from the crystal clear waters of South China Sea amidst verdant backdrop are among the most astonishing pictures one can see in the Philippines. El Nido, a secluded group of islands west off Palawan province, is also known as a sanctuary of endangered birds and marine animals.
World's Deepest Spots
The world's second deepest spot underwater is in the Philippines. This spot, about 34,440 feet (10,497 meters) below the sea level, is known as the Philippine Deep or the Mindanao Trench.
Chocolate Hills and its Immediate Environs
Located in the town of Carmen, 55 kilometers from Tagbilaran City, the Chocolate Hills are undoubtedly the most famous tourist attraction in Bohol. Among the 1,268 perfectly cone-shaped hills, which abound in Central Bohol, two have been developed into a resort.
Largest Contiguous Coral Reef
Apo Reef is the second largest contiguous coral reef in the world and the largest one in the Philippines. It is a submerged platform that is a submerged of a 34 sqkm sub triangular northern m and southern atoll like reefs separated by a 30-m deep channel that is open to the west.
Largest Wildlife Sanctuary
Agusan Marsh Wildlife Sanctuary is a vast complex of freshwater marshes and watercourses with numerous small shallow lakes and ponds in the upper basin of the Agusan River and its tributaries which rise in the hills of eastern Mindanao. It is one of the largest and the most contained freshwater catch basin wetland in the Philippines.